The influence of salt concentration on the chemical, ripening and sensory characteristics of Iranian white cheese manufactured by UF-Treated milk


Soltani M., GÜZELER N. , HAYALOĞLU A. A.

JOURNAL OF DAIRY RESEARCH, cilt.82, ss.365-374, 2015 (SCI İndekslerine Giren Dergi) identifier identifier identifier

  • Cilt numarası: 82 Konu: 3
  • Basım Tarihi: 2015
  • Doi Numarası: 10.1017/s0022029915000278
  • Dergi Adı: JOURNAL OF DAIRY RESEARCH
  • Sayfa Sayıları: ss.365-374

Özet

Iranian White cheese was manufactured from ultrafiltered cows' milk using different concentrations of salt consisting of 1, 2.5, 4% and salt free. Chemical composition, proteolysis, counts for lactic acid bacteria and sensory evaluation were examined during 90 d of ripening. It was found that the use of different salt concentrations significantly influenced all chemical composition, proteolysis, total number of lactic acid bacteria and sensory characteristics of the cheeses. Increasing the salt concentrations caused a proportional decrease in proteolysis determined by both urea-PAGE of caseins and RP-HPLC of peptides. With increased salt concentration, total number of lactic acid bacteria decreased. Cheeses with 1 and 2.5% salt were suitable and acceptable in odour and flavour that may be due to the proportional level of proteolysis products. In conclusion, reducing salt concentration from 4 to 2.5 and 1% had no ineligible effect on the quality and acceptability of the cheese.