Comparative Study of Bioactive Constituents in Turkish Olive Oils by LC-ESI/MS/MS


kelebek H., Kesen S., SELLİ S.

INTERNATIONAL JOURNAL OF FOOD PROPERTIES, cilt.18, ss.2231-2245, 2015 (SCI İndekslerine Giren Dergi) identifier identifier

  • Cilt numarası: 18 Konu: 10
  • Basım Tarihi: 2015
  • Doi Numarası: 10.1080/10942912.2014.968788
  • Dergi Adı: INTERNATIONAL JOURNAL OF FOOD PROPERTIES
  • Sayfa Sayısı: ss.2231-2245

Özet

The purpose of this research was to evaluate and compare the differences in the phenolic composition, antioxidant properties, and fatty acids of virgin olive oils from the Ayvalik, Gemlik, and Memecik olive varieties cultivated in their respective growing areas over two harvest years. The phenolic composition of olive oils was carried out by liquid chromatography coupled with diode array detection and electrospray ionization mass spectrometry analysis and the fatty acid composition was determined by gas chromatography analysis. Fourteen phenolic compounds were identified and, among these, the most dominant were elenolic acid, tyrosol, and hydroxytyrosol. For olives from both years, the highest total phenolic content was determined in Memecik followed by Ayvalik and Gemlik. 2,2-diphenyl-1-picryl hydrazyl and 2,2 '-azino-bis- (3-ethyl-benzothiazoline-6-sulphonic acid) methods were used to determine the antioxidant capacity of the olive oil extracts. In both methods, the antioxidant capacity values were higher for oil from cv. Ayvalik. Thirteen fatty acids were identified and quantified in all samples. Oleic acid was the highest concentration and this acid was more dominant in Gemlik oils.