Characterization of the free and glycosidically bound aroma potential of two important tomato cultivars grown in Turkey

ÖZKAYA O. , Sen K., AUBERT C., Dundar O. , GUNATA Z.

JOURNAL OF FOOD SCIENCE AND TECHNOLOGY-MYSORE, vol.55, no.11, pp.4440-4449, 2018 (Journal Indexed in SCI) identifier identifier identifier

  • Publication Type: Article / Article
  • Volume: 55 Issue: 11
  • Publication Date: 2018
  • Doi Number: 10.1007/s13197-018-3362-0
  • Page Numbers: pp.4440-4449


Free and glycosidically bound volatiles from two major tomato cultivars (Lycopersicon esculantum L. cv. Alida and Merve) of Turkey were determined. Free volatile compounds were extracted using liquid-liquid microextraction, while bound volatiles were extracted using solid phase extraction. The compounds were analyzed using GC-FID and GC-MS. Alida showed presence of, 39 free and 32 bound aroma compounds again 38 free and 31 bound aroma compounds is Merve. The odor activity values of the volatile compounds suggested that hexanal, (Z)-3-hexenal, (E,Z)-2,4-decadienal, (E,E)-2,4-decadienal and 2-phenylethanol were most significant odorants in both cultivars. Guaiacol and eugenol were flavor contributors for Merve. The norisoprenoids 5,6-epoxy-beta-ionone and 3-hydroxy-beta-ionone were observed in free form in tomato. Norisoprenoids, terpenoids, volatile phenols and higher alcohols were present in the glycosidic extract. Among the glycosidically bound compounds, 2-phenylethanol, guaiacol and eugenol were found to be potential contributors to overall tomato flavor upon hydrolysis.