Characterization of kefir-like beverages produced from vegetable juices


Creative Commons License

CORONA O., RANDAZZO W., MICELI A., GUARCELLO R., Francesca N., ERTEN H. , et al.

LWT-FOOD SCIENCE AND TECHNOLOGY, cilt.66, ss.572-581, 2016 (SCI İndekslerine Giren Dergi) identifier identifier

  • Cilt numarası: 66
  • Basım Tarihi: 2016
  • Doi Numarası: 10.1016/j.lwt.2015.11.014
  • Dergi Adı: LWT-FOOD SCIENCE AND TECHNOLOGY
  • Sayfa Sayısı: ss.572-581

Özet

The aim of this work was to develop new non-dairy fermented beverages using vegetable juices as fermentable substrates. Carrot, fennel, melon, onion, tomato and strawberry juices underwent back-slopping fermentations, carried out by water kefir microorganisms. Results indicated that lactic acid bacteria and yeasts were capable of growing in the juices tested. Melon juice registered the highest numbers of microorganisms. Almost all juices underwent a lactic fermentation. After fermentation, there was observance of a decrease of the soluble solid content and an increase of the number of volatile organic compounds. In particular, esters were present in high amounts after the fermentation, especially in strawberry, onion and melon, whereas carrot and fennel registered a significant increase of terpenes. The concentration of alcohols increased, while that of aldehydes decreased. Changes in colour attributes were registered. Strawberry, onion and tomato juices retained a high antioxidant activity after fermentation. The overall quality assessment indicated that carrot kefir-like beverage (KLB) was the product mostly appreciated by the judges. These findings support the further development of vegetable KLBs with additional benefits and functional properties. (C) 2015 Elsevier Ltd. All rights reserved.