Aroma biosynthesis in strawberry: S-adenosylmethionine : furaneol O-methyltransferase activity in ripening fruits


Lavid N. E. , Schwab W., Kafkas E., Koch-Dean M., Bar E., Larkov O., ...Daha Fazla

JOURNAL OF AGRICULTURAL AND FOOD CHEMISTRY, cilt.50, ss.4025-4030, 2002 (SCI İndekslerine Giren Dergi) identifier identifier identifier

  • Cilt numarası: 50 Konu: 14
  • Basım Tarihi: 2002
  • Doi Numarası: 10.1021/jf011409q
  • Dergi Adı: JOURNAL OF AGRICULTURAL AND FOOD CHEMISTRY
  • Sayfa Sayıları: ss.4025-4030

Özet

Among the most important volatile compounds in the aroma of strawberries are 2,5-dimethyl-4-hydroxy3(2H)-furanone (Furaneol) and its methoxy derivative (methoxyfuraneol, mesifuran). Three strawberry varieties, Malach, Tamar, and Yael, were assessed for total volatiles, Furaneol, and methoxyfuraneol. The content of these compounds sharply increased during fruit ripening, with maximum values at the ripe stage. An enzymatic activity that transfers a methyl group from S-adenosylmethionine (SAM) to Furaneol sharply increases during ripening of strawberry fruits. The in vitro generated methoxyfuraneol was identified by radio-TLC and GC-MS. The partially purified enzyme had a native molecular mass of similar to80 kDa, with optimum activity at pH 8.5 and 37 degreesC. A high apparent K-m of 5 mM was calculated for Furaneol, whereas this enzyme preparation apparently accepted as substrates other o-dihydroxyphenol derivatives (such as catechol, caffeic acid, and protocatechuic aldehyde) with much higher affinities (K-m similar to 105, 130, and 20 muM, respectively). A K-m for SAM was found to be similar to5 muM, regardless of the acceptor used. Substrates that contained a phenolic group with only one OH group, such as p-coumaric and trans-ferulic acid, as well as trans-anol and coniferyl alcohol, were apparently not accepted by this activity. It is suggested that Furaneol methylation is mediated by an O-methyltransferase activity and that this activity increases during fruit ripening.