The Effects of Natural Extracts on the Quality Changes of Frozen Chub Mackerel (Scomber japonicus) Burgers


ÖZOĞUL Y. , UÇAR Y.

FOOD AND BIOPROCESS TECHNOLOGY, cilt.6, sa.6, ss.1550-1560, 2013 (SCI İndekslerine Giren Dergi) identifier identifier

  • Cilt numarası: 6 Konu: 6
  • Basım Tarihi: 2013
  • Doi Numarası: 10.1007/s11947-012-0794-9
  • Dergi Adı: FOOD AND BIOPROCESS TECHNOLOGY
  • Sayfa Sayıları: ss.1550-1560

Özet

The effects of the use of natural antioxidants on the quality of frozen chub mackerel (Scomber japonicus) burgers stored at -18 A degrees C were investigated in terms of sensory, biochemical (thiobarbituric acid reactive substances-TBARS, total volatile basic nitrogen, peroxide value and free fatty acids) and microbiological analyses (total viable count-TVC, total psychrotrophic count-TPC). Oregano, green tea, sage and laurel extracts were obtained by using steam distillation method. After that, thawed fish were headed, gutted and filleted. Fillets were then minced and divided into nine groups. These were the control without plant extract, O1 with 0.3% oregano extract, O2 with 0.6% oregano extract, G1 with 0.3% green tea extract, G2 with 0.6% green tea extract, S1 with 0.3% sage extract, S2 with 0.6% sage extract, L1 with 0.3% laurel extract and L2 with 0.6% laurel extract. Plant extracts together with burger ingredients were added to each group. All groups were stored at -18 A degrees C for 9 months. According to the results of sensory analyses, the control at 7 months of storage, oregano and green tea at 9 months of storage, sage and laurel groups at 8 months of storage were rejected by panellists and considered as unaccepptable. Natural extracts were effective in controlling biochemical indices. TVC content of fish burgers did not exceed the limit during storage period for all groups (< 6 log CFU/g). TPC slightly decreased with storage time. Additions of oregano, green tea and laurel extracts except sage extract reduced (P < 0.05) lipid oxidation in fish burger and have the potential to be incorporated into fish burgers.