Effects of Different Enzymes and Concentrations in the Production of Clarified Lemon Juice


UÇAN TÜRKMEN F., AKYILDIZ A. , AĞÇAM E.

Journal of Food Processing, vol.2014, pp.1-14, 2014 (Refereed Journals of Other Institutions)

  • Publication Type: Article / Article
  • Volume: 2014
  • Publication Date: 2014
  • Doi Number: 10.1155/2014/215854
  • Title of Journal : Journal of Food Processing
  • Page Numbers: pp.1-14

Abstract

Lemon juice obtained from Interdonato variety was treated with different enzymes at specific concentrations as depectinization processes to produce clear lemon juice and its concentrates. In addition, the best condition obtained from laboratory treatments was carried out in the local fruit juice plant. Effects of the processing steps on some quality parameters were investigated during the lemon juice production and the obtained concentrates were stored at −25? C for 180 days. The results showed that Novozym 33095 had the best depectinization effectiveness. Total pectin content of lemon juices decreased rapidly following the enzyme treatment and could not be detected following the filtration. Viscosity values decreased after pulp separation and the largest reduction was observed with the filtration. At the end of filtration in 40 ??L/100 mL concentrations of each of the three enzymes, values of residual pectinmethylesterase (PME) activity were found to be in the lowest amounts.