Aroma composition of shalgam: a traditional Turkish lactic acid fermented beverage


TANGÜLER H., SELLİ S. , SEN K., CABAROĞLU T. , ERTEN H.

JOURNAL OF FOOD SCIENCE AND TECHNOLOGY-MYSORE, vol.54, no.7, pp.2011-2019, 2017 (Journal Indexed in SCI) identifier identifier identifier

  • Publication Type: Article / Article
  • Volume: 54 Issue: 7
  • Publication Date: 2017
  • Doi Number: 10.1007/s13197-017-2637-1
  • Title of Journal : JOURNAL OF FOOD SCIENCE AND TECHNOLOGY-MYSORE
  • Page Numbers: pp.2011-2019

Abstract

Shalgam, a traditional red, cloudy and sour soft beverage, is produced by lactic acid fermentation of black carrot, sourdough, salt, bulgur flour, turnip and adequate water. The present study was designed to characterize the volatile compounds of shalgam obtained from different methods. The aroma compounds of shalgams produced by traditional and direct methods, and addition of Lactic acid bateria (LAB) cultures were examined. Volatile components of shalgam samples were extracted by liquid-liquid extraction technique with pentane/dichloromethane and analyzed by gas chromatography-mass spectrometry (GC-MS). Sixty aroma compounds were identified in shalgam samples including 20 terpenes, 9 esters, 9 alcohols, 5 volatile acids, 6 volatile phenols, 5 lactones, 3 naphthalenes, 2 carbonyl compounds and 1 C13-norisoprenoids. It was found that the aroma profiles of shalgams were quite similar. However, the total volatile content of the shalgam samples increased with addition of Lb. plantarum.