Sinter-crystallization of a glass obtained from basaltic tuffs


Kararnanov A., ERGUL S., AKYILDIZ M. , Pelino M.

JOURNAL OF NON-CRYSTALLINE SOLIDS, cilt.354, ss.290-295, 2008 (SCI İndekslerine Giren Dergi) identifier identifier

  • Cilt numarası: 354
  • Basım Tarihi: 2008
  • Doi Numarası: 10.1016/j.jnoncrysol.2007.07.040
  • Dergi Adı: JOURNAL OF NON-CRYSTALLINE SOLIDS
  • Sayfa Sayıları: ss.290-295

Özet

Glass-ceramic materials, obtained by sinter-crystallization of melted alkaline-olivine basaltic tuffs, were investigated. The kinetics of

bulk crystallization was evaluated by differential thermal analysis (DTA) at different heating rates. The phase formation and the sintering

behavior of glass powders (<75

 

lm) were studied in air and in nitrogen atmospheres by DTA and dilatometry, respectively. The crystalline

phases formed were identified by X-ray diffraction. The DTA traces showed an unusual phase formation behavior with a higher

crystallization trend for the bulk samples. The crystallization activation energy was evaluated as 590 ± 20 kJ/mol in the range 1080–

1110 K. A value of about 3 of the Avrami constant, corresponding to three-dimensional growth on a fixed number of nuclei, was evaluated

by Ozawa and Augis–Bennet methods. The densification at low-temperatures is reduced by the intensive crystallization process in

both air and nitrogen atmospheres. The sintering starts again at 1150–1250 K. In air atmospheres, due to the FeO oxidation, the sintering

temperature increases and the percentage of formed crystal phase decreases by 15–20%.

Glass-ceramic materials, obtained by sinter-crystallization of melted alkaline-olivine basaltic tuffs, were investigated. The kinetics of bulk crystallization was evaluated by differential thermal analysis (DTA) at different heating rates. The phase formation and the sintering behavior of glass powders (< 75 mu m) were studied in air and in nitrogen atmospheres by DTA and dilatometry, respectively. The crystalline phases formed were identified by X-ray diffraction. The DTA traces showed an unusual phase formation behavior with a higher crystallization trend for the bulk samples. The crystallization activation energy was evaluated as 590 +/- 20 kJ/mol in the range 1080-1110 K. A value of about 3 of the Avrami constant, corresponding to three-dimensional growth on a fixed number of nuclei, was evaluated by Ozawa and Augis-Bennet methods. The densification at low-temperatures is reduced by the intensive crystallization process in both air and nitrogen atmospheres. The sintering starts again at 1150-1250 K. In air atmospheres, due to the FeO oxidation, the sintering temperature increases and the percentage of formed crystal phase decreases by 15-20%. (C) 2007 Elsevier B.V. All rights reserved.