Innovative remote sensing techniques to increase nitrogen use efficiency of corn


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Bausch W., Diker K.

COMMUNICATIONS IN SOIL SCIENCE AND PLANT ANALYSIS, cilt.32, ss.1371-1390, 2001 (SCI İndekslerine Giren Dergi) identifier identifier

  • Cilt numarası: 32
  • Basım Tarihi: 2001
  • Doi Numarası: 10.1081/css-100104117
  • Dergi Adı: COMMUNICATIONS IN SOIL SCIENCE AND PLANT ANALYSIS
  • Sayfa Sayıları: ss.1371-1390

Özet

Nitrogen (N) fertilizer recommendations made without adequate knowledge of the N supply capability of a soil can lead to inefficient use of N. Proper crediting of N from manure and legumes as well as mineralization of N from organic matter is difficult. Remote sensing techniques that use the crop to indicate its N status show considerable promise for improving N management. Objectives of this paper were twofold: 1) to compare the N Reflectance Index (NRI) calculated from ground-based radiometer measurements acquired over irrigated corn (Zea mays L.) at a nadir view (0 degrees) and an oblique view (75 degrees) with measured plant N and 2) to evaluate the NRI obtained from both view angles for correcting in-season N deficiencies in a commercial corn field. The NRI calculated from canopy reflectance was not representative of plant N at the sixth leaf growth stage (V6) for either view angle because of the soil background influence on canopy reflectance. However, the oblique view NRI was a good predictor of plant N at V9 and V12 as was the nadir view NR1 at V12. The nadir view NR1 was not as sensitive as the oblique view NR1 at the V9 growth stage because soil was still visible through the canopy. Consequently, the nadir view NR1 provides a conservative estimate of plant N prior to complete canopy cover. Use of the nadir view NRI to detect in-season corn N deficiencies for the 1999 growing season reduced N application during the growing season by 39.2 kg N ha(-1) without reducing reducing grain yield. If the oblique view NRI would have been used to assess the plant N status, the first fertigation would not have been recommended which would have saved additional N.