Seasonal fluctuations and development of degree-day models for Chilo partellus (Lepidoptera: Crambidae) in maize fields in the Mediterranean region


Creative Commons License

Achiri T. D. , ATAKAN E. , PEHLİVAN S.

EUROPEAN JOURNAL OF ENTOMOLOGY, cilt.117, ss.68-75, 2020 (SCI İndekslerine Giren Dergi) identifier identifier

  • Cilt numarası: 117
  • Basım Tarihi: 2020
  • Doi Numarası: 10.14411/eje.2020.007
  • Dergi Adı: EUROPEAN JOURNAL OF ENTOMOLOGY
  • Sayfa Sayıları: ss.68-75

Özet

Chilo partellus Swinhoe 1885 (Lepidoptera: Crambidae) is a serious pest of maize in many parts of the world. It was reported for the first time in 2014 in the Mediterranean part of Turkey. Degree-Day (DD) models were developed to predict seasonal dynamics in maize fields using 3-parameter 'Boltzman' and a 4-parameter Logistic regressions. Larval/plant counts were monitored in pesticide-free maize fields in Adana, Turkey from 2017 to 2019. Depending on the year, the first record of C. partellus was between 03-14 May, corresponding to -9-12 DD accumulated from 01 May. There were two main peaks; one in each of the maize growing seasons. The models accurately predicted the phenology of C. partellus with an Adj. R-2 greater than 0.80. The 'Boltzman' regression had lower AlCc, Delta AlCc and Wi values than the logistic regression. Based on the 'Boltzman' model, 50% of the accumulated larvae/plant count for the first and second generations (peaks) occurred at 80DD and 375DD, 81 DD and 413DD, and 54DD and 289DD in 2017, 2018 and 2019, respectively. For the logistic regression model, 50% of the accumulated larvae/plant counts occurred for the first and second generation at 90DD and 362DD, 62DD, and 45DD and 250DD in 2017, 2018, and 2019, respectively. Both these models could play a crucial role in the integrated pest management (IPM) of C. partellus in maize fields in Mediterranean regions.