Genetic Diversity in Farm Animals


Bayraktar M., Aytekin İ., Zülkadir U.

Elixir Hormones and Signaling, vol.117, no.2018, pp.50032-50037, 2018 (Peer-Reviewed Journal)

  • Publication Type: Article / Review
  • Volume: 117 Issue: 2018
  • Publication Date: 2018
  • Journal Name: Elixir Hormones and Signaling
  • Journal Indexes: Other Indexes
  • Page Numbers: pp.50032-50037
  • Çukurova University Affiliated: No

Abstract

Recent developments in the molecular biology have provided some specific molecular markers which are generally used to define a specific region of genome. In genetic analyses, three types of markers are used as morphological, protein and DNA markers. After the discovery of polymerase chain reaction (PCR), PCR-based markers have been begun to be more preferred. Studies of genetic characterization have inconsiderable importance in the studies such as determining the level of inter and intra- population genetic diversity, developing protection programs, domestication, and determination of migration routes. In genetic characterization studies, the different biochemical marker systems, alloenzymes, mitochondrial DNA, and Y chromosome specific molecules are used. DNA markers, particularly polymorphic microsatellite markers, constitute the most preferable system in PCR applications. New molecular biology techniques enable analysis of single nucleotide polymorphism to be able to made faster and economically and be used together with microsatellites.