A Study on Determining Some of the Yield and Quality Properties of urgup Sarisi Plum (Prunus domestica L.) Grown under Nevsehir Conditions


OĞUZ H. İ. , YILDIZ K., Bircan M., Gokdogan O., Oguz I.

ERWERBS-OBSTBAU, 2020 (SCI İndekslerine Giren Dergi) identifier identifier

Özet

This study has been conducted with the purpose of determining some yield and quality properties of urgup Sarisi Plum (Prunus domestica L.) grown locally in Nevsehir's urgup district. Fruit samples have been acquired from a producer's orchard reproduced through bud eye from various natural plantations in urgup district. Trees have been planted with 6mx 6m intervals and are 7 years of age. The study has been conducted during the 2015-2016 period on randomized blocks experimental design with three recurrences and with five trees per recurrence. Fruit samples have been harvested in August 2016 and immediately transferred in ice boxes to Mersin Erdemli Alata Horticultural Research Institute Laboratories. They have been kept at 0 degrees C until the time of analysis. Fruit samples have been subjected to analyses such as fruit weight, fruit width, fruit length, seed weight, yield per tree, pulp hardness, fruit acidity, water soluble dry matter amount, fruit colour values (L*, a*, b*), antioxidant, total phenol, sugar contents (glucose, fructose, sucrose). Among the genotypes, U-1 had the bulkiest fruit, U-7 had the highest yield per tree, U-8 had the brightest fruit colour, U-3 had the closest colour to red and U-8 had the highest tone of yellow. In plum genotypes, U-4 had the highest amount of antioxidant, U-2 contained the highest total phenol, vitamin C and fructose and U-6 contained the highest glucose and sucrose. U-7 has been observed to be noteworthy in terms of yield, while genotype, biochemical characteristics were noteworthy in U-2, U-4, U-6 genotypes. In conclusion, considering all parameters reviewed in the study, it has been decided that U-7, U-6, and U-2 genotypes could be promising under Nevsehir conditions.