In this study, conducting the needs analysis which is the first phase of a school-based curriculum for teaching principles and methods course was aimed. The research was designed as a case study and the participants, 15 pre-service teachers, eight instructors, five class teachers and five education inspectors were chosen by sampling criteria. The interviews and document analysis data collection methods were used to collect the data. In conclusion, in this study it has been found that there should be given place for objectives regarding cognitive skills, cognitive and affective comprehension dimensions in teaching principles and methods course; the subjects which are functional in practice and have common usage area should be included within content dimension. Besides, it has been identified that during the learning-teaching process the knowledge should be presented and explained, the quality of teaching service should be increased, pre-service teachers should be provided with authentic learning experiences, student centered approach should be used as a base; and it has been asserted that this process should be rearranged aiming at enhancing the practice dimension of it. Moreover, it has been seen that a measurement evaluation process is needed which includes use of process-based alternative assessment tools and gives feedback to all assessment results.