In this study, serum and urinary VEGF levels and VEGF expression in PBMNC were correlated with daily proteinuria, renal function tests, and renal histopathologic findings in untreated patients with different glomerulonephritis and with the course of renal function and proteinuria for one year. Forty-five untreated patients with different glomerulonephritis and I I healthy persons comprised the study and control groups, respectively. VEGF mRNA expression was detected by RT-PCR in peripheral blood mononuclear cells (PBMNC), and VEGF levels were measured by ELISA in serum and urine samples simultaneously. Male/female ratio was 24/21 and mean ages were 34.49 14.98. Serum and urinary VEGF levels, VEGF expressions in PBMNC, and the ratios of urine VEGF/urine creatinine were found to be similar in patients and controls. There were important correlations between urinary VEGF levels and baseline serum Cr (p = 0.035) and ESR (p = 0.022). There was also a marginal correlation between urinary VEGF levels and baseline CCr (p = 0.072). There was no correlation between serum and urinary VEGF levels and PBMNC mRNA expression and pathological findings such as with or without glomerular sclerosis, tubulointerstitial fibrosis (TIF), periglomerular fibrosis, and mesangial cell proliferation in renal biopsy. Serum and urinary VEGF levels or VEGF expression in PBMNC in patients with renal amyloidosis or proliferative or nonproliferative glomerulonephritis were similar with that of healthy controls and each other. Serum and urinary VEGF levels and PBMNC VEGF mRNA expression in untreated patients with different glomerulonephritis and controls were similar. We found only one important correlation, that between urinary VEGF levels and baseline serum creatinine levels in patients with different glomerulonephritis. Urinary VEGF can be an important pathogenesis of glomerular disease or a simple proteinuria. Serum and urinary VEGF levels and PBMNC VEGFmRNA did not change by periglomerular sclerosis, periglomerular fibrosis, or tubulointerstitial fibrosis on renal biopsy. PBMNC VEGF mRNA expression decreased in patients undergoing remission. In addition to the important correlation between urinary VEGF and serum creatinine, we also found an important correlation between erythrocyte sedimentation rate and urinary VEGF. This finding was interesting because we could not find a similar conclusion in other studies.