The effect of skin contact on the aromatic composition of the white wine of Vitis vinifera L. cv. Muscat of Alexandria grown in Southern Anatolia


Cabaroglu T. , CANBAS A.

ACTA ALIMENTARIA, cilt.31, ss.45-55, 2002 (SCI İndekslerine Giren Dergi) identifier identifier

  • Cilt numarası: 31 Konu: 1
  • Basım Tarihi: 2002
  • Doi Numarası: 10.1556/aalim.31.2002.1.5
  • Dergi Adı: ACTA ALIMENTARIA
  • Sayfa Sayıları: ss.45-55

Özet

Free and bound aroma (precursors) compounds of the Muscat of Alexandria wines and the effect of skin contact (7 h, at 15 degreesC) on aroma composition have been investigated. The aroma compounds, extracted with the pentan-dichloromethane (2: 1) method and Amberlite XAD-2 resin, were analysed by gas chromatography (GC) and gas chromatography-mass spectrometry (GC-MS). A total of 41 free volatile compounds (12 esters, 8 acids, 7 terpenes, 5 alcohols, 4 phenols, 3 C-6 compounds, 2 carbonyl compounds) and 28 bound compounds (10 terpenes, 2 alcohols, 2 C-6 compounds, 5 fatty acids, 6 phenols, 2 C-13 norisoprenoids, 1 carbonyl compound) were identified in Muscat of Alexandria wines. Skin contact treatment increased the total free and bound aroma compound levels, and improved the wine quality by affecting the intensity as well as the quality of aroma.