DO MAIZE AND PEPPER PLANTS DEPEND ON MYCORRHIZAE IN TERMS OF PHOSPHORUS AND ZINC UPTAKE?


Ortas I.

JOURNAL OF PLANT NUTRITION, cilt.35, ss.1639-1656, 2012 (SCI İndekslerine Giren Dergi) identifier identifier

  • Cilt numarası: 35 Konu: 11
  • Basım Tarihi: 2012
  • Doi Numarası: 10.1080/01904167.2012.698346
  • Dergi Adı: JOURNAL OF PLANT NUTRITION
  • Sayfa Sayıları: ss.1639-1656

Özet

Nutrient deficiency, especially zinc (Zn) and phosphorus (P), is a common nutritional problem for the production of some crops in Turkey. This problem results in the application of increasing amounts of several fertilizers. Mycorrhizal inoculation or the indigenous potential of mycorrhizae in the soil is a critical factor in crop production under low supply of Zn and P. The effects of selected mycorrhizal inoculation on growth and Zn and P uptake of maize and green pepper were investigated in Zn- and P-deficient calcareous soils from Central Anatolia. Soils were sterilized by autoclaving and plants were grown for 7 weeks in pots under greenhouse conditions with inoculation of two selected arbuscular mycorrhizal (AM) species (Glommus moseea and G. etunicatum) at three rates of P (0, 25, 125 mg P kg(-1) soil) and two rates of Zn (0 and 5 mg Zn kg(-1) soil). Without mycorrhizal inoculation, shoot and root dry matter production were severely affected by P and Zn deficiencies, and supply of adequate amounts of P and Zn significantly enhanced plant growth. When the soil was inoculated with mycorrhizal inoculation, the increasing effects of P and Zn fertilization on plant growth remained less pronounced. In accordance with growth data, mycorrhizae inoculation enhanced P and Zn concentration of plants, especially under low supply of P and Zn. The results obtained indicate that maize and green pepper are highly mycorrizal{dependent (MD) plant species under both low P and Zn supply and mycorrhizae play an essential role in P and Zn nutrition of plants in P and Zn-deficient soils. Although addition of P and Zn increased plant growth and plants are mycorrhizal dependent on P and Zn nutrition however dependence is much more dependent on P nutrition.