Fatal encephalitis associated with novel influenza A (H1N1) virus infection in a child

Creative Commons License

İNCECİK F. , HERGÜNER M. , ALTUNBAŞAK Ş. , Yildizdas D. , Antmen B., Ozgur O., ...More

NEUROLOGICAL SCIENCES, vol.33, no.3, pp.677-679, 2012 (Journal Indexed in SCI) identifier identifier identifier

  • Publication Type: Article / Article
  • Volume: 33 Issue: 3
  • Publication Date: 2012
  • Doi Number: 10.1007/s10072-011-0839-2
  • Title of Journal : NEUROLOGICAL SCIENCES
  • Page Numbers: pp.677-679


A 4-year-old girl presented with fever, coughing, and vomiting; followed by unconsciousness. Magnetic resonance imaging showed hyperintense changes in the thalami bilaterally, brain stem, cerebellum, and subcortical cortex. Novel influenza A (H1N1) virus was identified by polymerase chain reaction in patient's nasopharyngeal swab specimen. We reported a rare case of clinically severe, novel influenza A-associated encephalitis. Novel influenza A should be considered in the differential diagnosis in patients with seizures and mental status changes, especially during an influenza outbreak.