Larval pigmentation, survival and growth of Penaeus indicus fed the nematode Panagrellus redivivus enriched with astaxanthin and various lipids

KUMLU M. , Fletcher D. J. , Fisher C. M.

AQUACULTURE NUTRITION, cilt.4, ss.193-200, 1998 (SCI İndekslerine Giren Dergi) identifier identifier


The highly unsaturated fatty acid (HUFA) content of the free-living nematode Panagrellus redivivus was successfully increased when three different lipid sources (cod-liver oil, marilla oil and capelin oil) from marine animals were used in the nematode culture medium. The lipid enrichment significantly increased the omega-3 HUFA content, particularly eicosapentaenoic acid (EPA) and docosahexaenoic acid (DHA), of the nematodes compared with lipid non-enriched nematodes. Penaeus indicus larvae fed the lipid-enriched nematodes had significantly (P < 0.05) greater larval survival (69-77%) until metamorphosis than those fed non-enriched nematodes (54%).