Passive flow control in the near wake of a circular cylinder using attached permeable and inclined short plates


ÖZKAN G. M. , Firat E., Akiili H.

OCEAN ENGINEERING, cilt.134, ss.35-49, 2017 (SCI İndekslerine Giren Dergi) identifier identifier

Özet

The main objective of this study is to assess the effectiveness of attached permeable plates in suppressing nominally two-dimensional vortex shedding from a fixed cylinder. The permeable plate along the entire span of the cylinder was made of a chrome-nickel screen and was attached normal to the cylinder surface. The main parameters of the study are porosity of the permeable plate, 0, and the plate angle of the cylinder-plate arrangement, 0, with respect to the freestream. Experiments were performed using Particle Image Velocimetry (PIV) and Flow Visualization Techniques. Additionally, drag force measurements were carried out in a wind tunnel to analyze the effects of permeable plates on drag coefficient of the circular cylinder. The results revealed that the use of a permeable plate successfully suppresses the vortex shedding downstream of the circular cylinder by reducing the velocity fluctuations in the wake, elongating the vortex formation region further downstream and attenuating the vortex shedding frequency. The porosity values of beta=0.4 and 0.5 with plate angles in the range of 35 degrees <=theta <= 90 degrees were found to be effective on suppressing the vortex shedding. Furthermore, both the drag coefficients of the cylinder-plate arrangement and the < TKE >(max) were reduced almost for all porosity ratios for theta < 30 degrees.