Evaluation of COVID-19 in Terms of Work Accident and Occupational Disease

Durmus S. A.

ISTANBUL HUKUK MECMUASI, vol.78, no.2, pp.363-393, 2020 (Journal Indexed in ESCI) identifier

  • Publication Type: Article / Article
  • Volume: 78 Issue: 2
  • Publication Date: 2020
  • Doi Number: 10.26650/mecmua.2020.78.2.0004
  • Title of Journal : ISTANBUL HUKUK MECMUASI
  • Page Numbers: pp.363-393


Coronavirus 2019 (COVID-19) emerged in Wuhan, China and spread rapidly around the world, causing an epidemic that has deeply affected working life and resulted in many new regulations regarding working life. Occupational health and safety law is one of the areas that showed the most impact on employee-employer relationships during the pandemic period. Employers are obliged to take every precaution to prevent the spread of COVID-19 in the workplace. The employer is responsible if he acts against his obligations. At this point, COVID-19 is evaluated in terms of work accident or occupational disease. Whether COVID-19 can be counted as a work accident or occupational disease is among the most controversial issues in teaching and practice. When a physical or mental injury resulting from the COVID-19 virus occurs, conditions can be considered a work accident. It is also possible to characterize COVID-19 as an occupational disease. In terms of health workers, it is useful to separate the subject by examining it. In our study, after briefly focusing on the concepts of work accident and occupational disease, we will explain why COVID-19 should be considered as a work accident.