Film policies in Turkey in the 1950-1980 period through the Regional Management Model: The case of Adana Management Region

Çam A.

HoMER 2023 Annual Conferance, Barcelona, Spain, 4 - 07 July 2023, pp.18-19

  • Publication Type: Conference Paper / Summary Text
  • City: Barcelona
  • Country: Spain
  • Page Numbers: pp.18-19
  • Çukurova University Affiliated: Yes


The post-World War II period marked a significant rise in the national cinema industry, with Turkey emerging as one of the leading countries in film production, particularly during the 1960-1975 period. Despite this, the economic dimension of the state’s relationship with cinema remained relatively underdeveloped until the 1990s. However, the Turkish cinema economy, despite weak regulations, is not entirely unsystematic. The cinema market, without receiving direct public support, manages to sustain itself through an audience-centered informal film economy. This economic system is established and operated within six regions of the country through informal networks comprising producers, distributors, regional managers, venue owners, and film loan sharks that are organized through agents such as societies, associations, or unions in each region. These professional and sectoral organizations, 19 present in each region, regulate film distribution and screening activities within and between regions. Organizations such as the Association of Domestic Film Producers, the Turkish Film Producers’ Association, the Istanbul Filmmakers’ Association, and the Adana Filmmakers’ Association, among others, are involved in protecting the interests of their members against state restrictions and other regions. This study aims to analyze the Regional Management Model that existed between 1950-1980, with a specific focus on the Adana Management Region, also known as ‘the South,’ which covers 20 cities situated on the Eastern Mediterranean coast of Turkey and in Eastern Anatolia. With over 600 cinema venues and 120 film production and distribution companies, the Adana Management Region serves as an ideal exemplar of the Regional Management Model. The methodology for this research comprises the archives of the Adana Filmmakers Association and the Adana Cinema Owners Association, the records of the Adana Chamber of Commerce, the state archives, archives of local newspapers, and oral history studies with regional operators. The study also aims to examine the Regional Management Model as a form of organization that supports national cinema through different prepayment methods, and as a model that ensures diversity in film production by prioritizing the demands of audiences in different regions.