Fruit Characteristics of Some Selected Amygdalus orientalis Mill. and A. turcomenica Lincz. Types


Bayazit S., Kuden A. B.

5th International Symposium on Pistachios and Almonds, Şanlıurfa, Turkey, 6 - 10 October 2009, vol.912, pp.415-422 identifier identifier

  • Publication Type: Conference Paper / Full Text
  • Volume: 912
  • Doi Number: 10.17660/actahortic.2011.912.62
  • City: Şanlıurfa
  • Country: Turkey
  • Page Numbers: pp.415-422

Abstract

Turkey is one of the main origins of wild and cultured almond species and cultivars due to suitable climatic conditions. Amygdalus orientalis is widely grown in Middle and Southeast Anatolia while A. turcomenica is prevalent in the Southeast Anatolia region. In this study, fruit characteristics of selected wild almond types and species in Middle and Southeast Anatolia were investigated during 2003 and 2005. The mean nut weight in types of A. orientalis. and A. turcomenica selected from Gaziantep in Southeast Anatolia region were similar in both years. Nut weights of A. orientalis types were higher than those from A. turcomenica types in Birecik, Sanliurfa. Types of A. orientalis had higher kernel weight and nut length and lower shell thickness compared to types of A. turcomenica. Types of A. orientalis from Middle Anatolia had higher nut and kernel weight, nut width and length, shell thickness compared to types from Southeast Anatolia region. All types had bitter kernel in both species and regions.