The effect of substrate temperature on filtered vacuum are deposited zinc oxide and tin oxide thin films

Cetinorgu E., Goldsmith S., Boxman R. L.

JOURNAL OF CRYSTAL GROWTH, cilt.299, sa.2, ss.259-267, 2007 (SCI İndekslerine Giren Dergi) identifier identifier

  • Yayın Türü: Makale / Tam Makale
  • Cilt numarası: 299 Konu: 2
  • Basım Tarihi: 2007
  • Doi Numarası: 10.1016/j.jcrysgro.2006.11.334
  • Sayfa Sayıları: ss.259-267


Zinc oxide (ZnO) and tin oxide (SnO2) thin films were deposited on commercial microscope glass and UV-fused silica (UVFS) substrates using a filtered vacuum arc deposition (FVAD) system. During the deposition, the substrates temperature was kept at room temperature (RT) or at 400 degrees C. The film structure, surface morphology, and composition were determined using X-ray diffraction (XRD), atomic force microscopy (AFM), and X-ray photoelectron spectroscopy (XPS), respectively. The XRD patterns of the ZnO films deposited on RT substrates contained lines of strong c-axis orientation, whereas the intensity of the XRD lines of ZnO films deposited on 400 degrees C substrates was significantly stronger. The XRD patterns of SnO2, films deposited on RT substrates did not contain any diffraction lines, indicating an amorphous film structure, whereas the XRD patterns of SnO2 films deposited on hot substrates contained diffraction lines indicating that the films are polycrystalline. The ZnO and SnO2, film thickness was in the range 100-363 nm. The surface roughness (RMS) of ZnO film was 1.3 nm at RT and increased to 5 nm at 400 degrees C, whereas that of SnO2 films was 1.5 nm and decreased to 0.5 nm at RT and at 400 degrees C, respectively. The films' optical constants in the 250-1100 nm wavelength range were determined by variable angle spectroscopic ellipsometry and by transmission measurements. The peak transmission of the ZnO and SnO2 films in the VIS was 80-90%. The refractive index n of the films deposited on RT and hot substrates were in the range 1.72-2.23 for ZnO samples, and in the range 1.87-2.20 for SnO2, samples, as function of wavelength. The extinction coefficient of all films in the VIS was in the range 0.001 to 0.05, depending on wavelengths and deposition parameters. The optical band gap (E-g) was determined from the dependence of the absorption coefficient on the photon energy at short wavelengths. Depending on the deposition conditions, the values of E-g of ZnO and SnO2, were in the range 3.25-3.30 and 3.60-3.98 eV, respectively. (c) 2007 Elsevier B.V. All rights reserved.