Root metastases of solid organ carcinomas are rare entities. Because of their rare occurrence, they can be confused with nerve sheath tumors, such as schwannomas or neurofibromas, when detected by magnetic resonance imaging. In this paper, we reported a case of a 72-year-old woman with S1 root metastasis originating from lung adenocarcinoma. In addition, we reviewed the literature and presented the diagnosis and treatment stages of this pathology. Surgical resection should be the main treatment for symptomatic metastases. Gross total resection of tumors is usually not possible with preservation of neurologic functions. Nerve root decompression, subtotal resection, and adjuvant treatments seem to represent the best treatment option for these patients.