Infective endocarditis in childhood: a single-centre experience of 26 years


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Demir F., Varan C., Alınç Erdem S., Atmis A., Akbas T., Subasi B., ...More

CARDIOLOGY IN THE YOUNG, vol.33, no.10, pp.1950-1955, 2023 (SCI-Expanded) identifier identifier

  • Publication Type: Article / Article
  • Volume: 33 Issue: 10
  • Publication Date: 2023
  • Doi Number: 10.1017/s1047951122003419
  • Journal Name: CARDIOLOGY IN THE YOUNG
  • Journal Indexes: Science Citation Index Expanded (SCI-EXPANDED), Scopus, EMBASE, MEDLINE
  • Page Numbers: pp.1950-1955
  • Keywords: CHD, infective endocarditis, paediatric, normal heart structure
  • Çukurova University Affiliated: Yes

Abstract

The aim of this study was to present the clinical and microbiological characteristics of patients with infective endocarditis.A retrospective evaluation was made of patients diagnosed with infective endocarditis between 1995 and 2021. The clinical and laboratory characteristics of the patients were recorded together with conditions constituting a risk for the development of endocarditis, treatment, and surgical outcomes.Evaluation was made of 68 patients with a mean age of 7.3 years (3 months-17 years), diagnosed with infective endocarditis. An underlying cause of CHD was determined in 47 (69%) patients and rheumatic valve disease in 3 (4.4%). There was no structural heart disease in 18 (26%) patients of whom 13 of them had other risk factors. A causative organism was found in 41 (60%) cases, and the microorganism most often determined was viridans group streptococcus. No difference was determined between the patients diagnosed before and after 2007 in respect of the frequency of viridans streptococcus (p > 0.05). Septic emboli were seen in 18 (26%) patients, of which 17 required surgical treatments. In 5 of 11 (16.6%) patients with mortality, the agent was S. aureus. Of the total 28 (41%) patients were evaluated as hospital-acquired endocarditis. The most frequently determined agents in this group were staphylococcus epidermidis and S. aureus.Although CHDs continue to be the greatest risk factor for endocarditis, there is an increasing frequency of endocarditis in patients with no structural heart disease. Mortality rates are still high in infective endocarditis, especially in S. aureus endocarditis.