The Effect of Ascorbic Acid over the Etoposide- and Temozolomide-Mediated Cytotoxicity in Glioblastoma Cell Culture: A Molecular Study


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Gokturk D., Kelebek H., Ceylan S., YILMAZ D. M.

TURKISH NEUROSURGERY, cilt.28, ss.13-18, 2018 (SCI İndekslerine Giren Dergi) identifier identifier identifier

Özet

AIM: Glioblastoma (GBM) is one of the lethal central nervous system tumors. One of the widely used chemical agents for the treatment of glioblastoma is temozolomide. It is an orally administered, deoxyribonucleic acid (DNA) alkylating agent. DNA alkylation triggers the death of tumor cells. However, some tumor cells are able to repair this type of DNA damage and thus lower the therapeutic effect of temozolomide. Laboratory and clinical studies indicate that temozolomide's anticancer effects might be strengthened when combined with other chemotherapeutic agents like etoposide or antioxidant agents like ascorbic acid. In this study, we aimed to evaluate the cytotoxic and oxidative stress effects of ascorbic acid (1000 mu M), temozolomide (100 mu M) and etoposide (25 mu M) agents alone and in dual and triple combinations in a glioblastoma U87 MG cell culture.