Experimental investigation of using 30HCNG fuel mixture on a non-modified diesel engine operated with various diesel replacement rates


Arat H. T. , Baltacioglu M. K. , AYDIN K. , ÖZCANLI M.

INTERNATIONAL JOURNAL OF HYDROGEN ENERGY, cilt.41, ss.3199-3207, 2016 (SCI İndekslerine Giren Dergi) identifier identifier

  • Cilt numarası: 41 Konu: 4
  • Basım Tarihi: 2016
  • Doi Numarası: 10.1016/j.ijhydene.2015.12.112
  • Dergi Adı: INTERNATIONAL JOURNAL OF HYDROGEN ENERGY
  • Sayfa Sayısı: ss.3199-3207

Özet

Pilot diesel injection phenomenon consisted by gaseous fuels such as hydrogen and natural gas; ensure the way of exert fuels without any structural modification in compression ignition engines. This study investigates of using 30HCNG (Hydrogenated Compressed Natural Gas) fuel mixture on a non-modified diesel engine operated with diesel fuel replacement rate experimentally. HCNG was used as an additional fuel with air fumigation in a non-modified diesel engine via intake manifold and reduction of diesel fuel by dint of pilot injection. Reduction of diesel fuel was prepared as two different substitutions like 25 and 50% diesel replacement rates controlled by stepping motor devices. 30% Hydrogen and 70% CNG (Compressed Natural Gas) (by volumes) fuel mixture were tested in a 3.6 L, four cylinders, four stroke and water coolant diesel test engine between 1200 and 2600 rpms. Effects of these two different diesel reductions on engine performance and exhaust emissions parameters were compared and illustrated with graphics as brake power, brake torque, and brake specific fuel consumption; CO, CO2 and NOx. Brake thermal efficiency and a minor cost analyses were also performed. It was observed that, 30HCNG fuel mixture with 50% diesel replacement rate affect the engine performance as brake torque, brake power and BSCF values were decreased 4.3%, 8%, 26.8% respectively. Exhaust emission values of NOx and CO2 were decreased 47.2%, 16.7% respectively; however CO emission values were increased 8%. Copyright (C) 2015, Hydrogen Energy Publications, LLC. Published by Elsevier Ltd. All rights reserved.

Pilot diesel injection phenomenon consisted by gaseous fuels such as hydrogen and natural gas; ensure the way of exert fuels without any structural modification in compression ignition engines. This study investigates of using 30HCNG (Hydrogenated Compressed Natural Gas) fuel mixture on a non-modified diesel engine operated with diesel fuel replacement rate experimentally. HCNG was used as an additional fuel with air fumigation in a non-modified diesel engine via intake manifold and reduction of diesel fuel by dint of pilot injection. Reduction of diesel fuel was prepared as two different substitutions like 25 and 50% diesel replacement rates controlled by stepping motor devices. 30% Hydrogen and 70% CNG (Compressed Natural Gas) (by volumes) fuel mixture were tested in a 3.6 L, four cylinders, four stroke and water coolant diesel test engine between 1200 and 2600 rpms. Effects of these two different diesel reductions on engine performance and exhaust emissions parameters were compared and illustrated with graphics as brake power, brake torque, and brake specific fuel consumption; CO, CO2 and NOx. Brake thermal efficiency and a minor cost analyses were also performed. It was observed that, 30HCNG fuel mixture with 50% diesel replacement rate affect the engine performance as brake torque, brake power and BSCF values were decreased 4.3%, 8%, 26.8% respectively. Exhaust emission values of NOx and CO2 were decreased 47.2%, 16.7% respectively; however CO emission values were increased 8%.