Application of spectral analysis to determine geothermal anomalies in the Tuzla region, NW Turkey


ARABIAN JOURNAL OF GEOSCIENCES, vol.12, no.14, 2019 (SCI-Expanded) identifier identifier


We used remote sensing data from the Advanced Spaceborne Thermal Emission and Reflection Radiometer (ASTER) satellite to identify the mineral properties and geothermal anomalies related to hot springs in the Tuzla area, including the fault system with NW-SE trend, which is located southwest of Canakkale, NW Turkey. In the study area, the lithological units of the Tuzla geothermal field and the surrounding area consist of Miocene volcanic (trachyandesite, trachyte, and ignimbrites) and Pliocene sedimentary (conglomerate, sandstone, and mudstone) rocks with siliceous, argillaceous, and ferrous alteration linked to the geothermal fluid. ASTER visible/near-infrared (VNIR), short-wave infrared (SWIR), and TIR bands were analyzed by different approaches in order to highlight hot springs in the study area. From these approaches, band ratios were constructed from ASTER VNIR, SWIR, and TIR bands for obtaining geological properties of the region. The geothermal areas were defined by the minimum noise fraction (MNF) and principal component analysis (PCA) methods that was extracted from 5 thermal infrared (TIR) bands as well. Land surface temperatures (LST) support the results from MNF and PCA that were estimated for 5 TIR bands using the inversion of Planck function method. Four days of data including daytime and nighttime satellite images from ASTER were used for the analysis. The used procedure displayed a good match with the ground reality based on field observations in the Tuzla Region.