AN ASSESSMENT OF THE ENERGETIC PROPERTIES OF FUEL PELLETS MADE BY AGRICULTURAL WASTES


ÖZTÜRK H. H. , Ayhan B., Turgut K.

SCIENTIFIC PAPERS-SERIES E-LAND RECLAMATION EARTH OBSERVATION & SURVEYING ENVIRONMENTAL ENGINEERING, cilt.8, ss.9-16, 2019 (ESCI İndekslerine Giren Dergi) identifier

  • Cilt numarası: 8
  • Basım Tarihi: 2019
  • Dergi Adı: SCIENTIFIC PAPERS-SERIES E-LAND RECLAMATION EARTH OBSERVATION & SURVEYING ENVIRONMENTAL ENGINEERING
  • Sayfa Sayısı: ss.9-16

Özet

In this study, it is aimed to produce pellets for use as solid biofuel from corn production wastes. Palletization of the biomass material increases volumetric heat value, reduces transport and storage costs, improves combustion properties, reduces emissions of particulate emissions, and produces a biofuel of the same size and shape. For this purpose, corn stalks were milled with a hammer mill and pellets were produced in an automatic feed pelletizing machine. Pellets produced from corn waste; hardness resistance, water absorption resistance, moisture content, ash content, equivalent moisture content, gas emission values released in the combustion result and calorific values which are important indicators of energy content have been determined. The upper calorific value of maize pellets with an average length of 17.28 mm and a diameter of 6.26 mm was determined to be 18.11 MJ/kg. The CO2, NO and NOx emission values of pellets from corn stalks were measured as 4.7 ppm, 38 ppm and 40 ppm, respectively. The evaluation of corn waste as pelletized solid biofuel will contribute to the prevention of agricultural land damage and environmental pollution as a result of the burning of residual vegetable waste from corn production.