A Mathematical Programming Model for Scheduling of Nurses' Labor Shifts

Yilmaz E.

JOURNAL OF MEDICAL SYSTEMS, cilt.36, ss.491-496, 2012 (SCI İndekslerine Giren Dergi) identifier identifier identifier

  • Cilt numarası: 36 Konu: 2
  • Basım Tarihi: 2012
  • Doi Numarası: 10.1007/s10916-010-9494-z
  • Sayfa Sayıları: ss.491-496


In this study, a mathematical programming model is proposed for scheduling problem of nurses' labor shifts. The developed mathematical programming model's aim is to minimize nurses' total idle waiting time during a week planning horizon. In this model, investigated constraints are as follows: (1) Maximum total working time a week for each nurse must not be exceeded. (2) After a nurse works a shift, the nurse can be assigned to another shift after two shifts at least. This constraints-set ensures resting of the nurse after the nurse works a shift. (3) Total number of nurses worked for each shift must be controlled with maximum and minimum bounds given for number of nurses for each shift. In this manner, total number of nurses worked for each shift is between maximum and minimum limit-values given for each shift. This constraint ensures flexibility to the user to determine number of nurses for each shift. (4) The decision variable that shows nurse-shift assignment pairs is 0 or 1. In this study, maximum total working time a week for a nurse, total number of nurses in a health service, maximum and minimum numbers of nurses worked a shift are user-specified parameters. In this way, this model can be adapted for the studies with different values of these parameters. In this study, the developed model is illustrated using a numerical example and then LINGO8.0 software is used to ensure the global optimum solution of the developed model. Results and also sensitivity analysis carried out for this example are presented in the study.