Elemental composition of pufferfish species from Northeastern Mediterranean Sea


KÖŞKER A. R. , ÖZOĞUL F. , Ayas D., DURMUŞ M. , UÇAR Y.

ENVIRONMENTAL MONITORING AND ASSESSMENT, cilt.191, 2019 (SCI İndekslerine Giren Dergi) identifier identifier identifier

  • Cilt numarası: 191 Konu: 6
  • Basım Tarihi: 2019
  • Doi Numarası: 10.1007/s10661-019-7469-1
  • Dergi Adı: ENVIRONMENTAL MONITORING AND ASSESSMENT

Özet

This study aimed at comparing the elemental levels of muscle and liver tissues of four pufferfish (Lagocephalus sceleratus, Lagocephalus spadiceus, Lagocephalus suezensis, and Torquigener flavimaculosus), which are common in the Northeastern Mediterranean Sea (Mersin Bay), in terms of sex and seasonal variables. Na, Mg, P, K, and Ca levels in the muscle tissues of pufferfish range from 1848.4 to 16495.7, 824.4 to 2684.5, 6936.2 to 20486.6, 13019.3 to 36165.5, and 276.4 to 5566.5gg(-1), respectively. Na, Mg, P, K, and Ca levels in the liver tissues of pufferfish range from 531.8 to 6136.1, 63.8 to 899.1, 773.1 to 6677.5, 1151.4 to 10165.4, and 47.4 to 1607.7gg(-1), respectively. The levels of macroelements in the muscle and liver tissues can be represented as K > P Na > Ca Mg and K P Na > Ca Mg, respectively. Pufferfish muscle tissue has more abundant macroelement levels than liver tissue. Fe, Cu, and Zn levels in pufferfish muscle tissues range from 21.53 to 219.42, 0.73 to 6.54, and 25.38 to 100.47gg(-1), respectively. Fe, Cu, and Zn levels in pufferfish liver tissues range from 157.8 to 1368.6, 0.86 to 11.23, and 23.17 to 507.75gg(-1), respectively. Levels of trace elements in the muscle and liver tissues can be represented as Zn Fe > Cu and Fe Zn > Cu, respectively. The pufferfish liver tissue is richer than muscle tissue in terms of trace element levels. Cd, Pb, As, and Cr levels in pufferfish muscle tissues range from 0.66 to 6.30, 2.17 to 20.76, 41.90 to 258.37, and 0.34 to 3.70gg(-1), respectively. Cd, Pb, As, and Cr levels in the liver tissues of pufferfish range from 0.22 to 2.34, 0.17 to 2.27, 9.35 to 61.93, and 0.14 to 2.10gg(-1), respectively. Levels of metal in the muscle and liver tissues can be represented as As > Pb > Cd Cr and As > Cd Pb Cr, respectively. Pufferfish muscle tissue has a higher association with liver tissue due to metal level accumulation. All pufferfish are contaminated by Cd, Pb, As, Cr, Fe, and Zn metals.