Purpose With the increase in indications for cholecystectomy in children, the frequency of laparoscopic cholecystectomy procedures and related problems has increased. The Critical View of Safety (CVS) is the target-specific method for identifying the cystic duct during laparoscopic cholecystectomy to prevent common bile duct injury. We hypothesize that the use of CVS is reliable in the pediatric population. Methods Data of 91 patients under 18 years of age who underwent elective laparoscopic cholecystectomy were retrospectively analyzed. Patients were divided into two groups depending on whether CVS was applied. The descriptive characteristics and complications of the two groups were compared. Results CVS was applied to 41 patients. When the groups were compared in terms of operation time, postoperative length of stay, idiopathic gallbladder perforation, dropping stone, and presence of surgical site infection, no statistical significant difference was found. However, the time to start oral feeding was shorter in CVS group (p = 0.01). Conclusion We believe CVS is a reliable method to ensure safe cystic channel identification in the pediatric population. New studies are warranted on the effectiveness of CVS for safely performing laparoscopic cholecystectomy in children, as the procedure is being performed more frequently in the pediatric population.