Prediction of geometrical properties of perfect breaking waves on composite breakwaters

AKÖZ M. S. , Cobaner M., KIRKGÖZ M. S. , Oner A. A.

APPLIED OCEAN RESEARCH, vol.33, no.3, pp.178-185, 2011 (Journal Indexed in SCI) identifier identifier

  • Publication Type: Article / Article
  • Volume: 33 Issue: 3
  • Publication Date: 2011
  • Doi Number: 10.1016/j.apor.2011.03.003
  • Title of Journal : APPLIED OCEAN RESEARCH
  • Page Numbers: pp.178-185


Breaking wave loads on coastal structures depend primarily on the type of wave breaking at the instant of impact. When a wave breaks on a vertical wall with an almost vertical front face called the "perfect breaking", the greatest impact forces are produced. The correct prediction of impact forces from perfect breaking of waves on seawalls and breakwaters is closely dependent on the accurate determination of their configurations at breaking. The present study is concerned with the determination of the geometrical properties of perfect breaking waves on composite-type breakwaters by employing artificial neural networks. Using a set of laboratory data, the breaker crest height, h(b), breaker height, H-b, and water depth in front of the wall, d(w), from perfect breaking of waves on composite breakwaters are predicted using the artificial neural network technique and the results are compared with those obtained from linear and multi-linear regression models. The comparisons of the predicted results from the present models with measured data show that the h(b), H-b and d(w) values, which represent the geometry of waves breaking directly on composite breakwaters, can be predicted more accurately by artificial neural networks compared to linear and multi-linear regressions. (c) 2011 Elsevier Ltd. All rights reserved.