Sexual and non-sexual intrafamilial spread of hepatitis C virus: Intrafamilial transmission of HCV


SALTOGLU N., Tasova Y. , Burgut R., DUNDAR I.

EUROPEAN JOURNAL OF EPIDEMIOLOGY, vol.14, no.3, pp.225-228, 1998 (Journal Indexed in SCI) identifier identifier identifier

  • Publication Type: Article / Article
  • Volume: 14 Issue: 3
  • Publication Date: 1998
  • Doi Number: 10.1023/a:1007455509185
  • Title of Journal : EUROPEAN JOURNAL OF EPIDEMIOLOGY
  • Page Numbers: pp.225-228

Abstract

The rate of intrafamilial transmission of the hepatitis C virus (HCV) was investigated in 90 family members of 41 index patients with type C chronic liver disease. Antibody to HCV (anti-HCV) was detected by the EIA method (Abbott-Axsym Sys) and Hepatitis C virus RNA, by the polymerase chain reaction (Nested PCR). We also investigated the presence of anti-HCV in 350 healthy persons (control group). The subjects in the study included 38 spouses, 45 children and others (1 relative and 6 parents). Four family members including 3/38 (7.8%) spouses and 1 sister were found to be positive for anti HCV antibodies but none had HCV RNA. Anti-HCV was not detected in the children of index patients. The prevalence of anti-HCV in the families of index patients was significantly higher than in the controls (4.3% versus 0.85%) (p = 0.0355). We concluded that the intrafamilial transmission of HCV is possible but occurs at a low rate.