The plant diversity and conservation status of the Taurus and Amanos mountains in the Eastern Mediterranean Region of Turkey


TÜRKMEN N.

Biodiversity Journal, vol.9, no.4, pp.375-384, 2018 (Refereed Journals of Other Institutions)

  • Publication Type: Article / Article
  • Volume: 9 Issue: 4
  • Publication Date: 2018
  • Title of Journal : Biodiversity Journal
  • Page Numbers: pp.375-384

Abstract


In this study, the Taurus and Amanos mountains of Turkey’s eastern Mediterranean region offer an overview of the floristic features. A total of 1,259 vascular plant taxa belonging to 106 families and 469 genera were recorded from the research area as a result of various researches and field studies conducted between 1999–2017. The phytogeographic elements were represented in the study as follows: Mediterranean 328 (26.1%), Irano-Turanian 157 (12.5%), Euro-Siberian 87 (6.8%), cosmopolitan and unknown 687 (54.6%). The total number of endemic species was 195 and the endemism rate was 15.1%. According to the IUCN Red List Categories, 195 threatened plant species were found in the study area. As in all mountainous environments, climate, soil and vegetation characteristics change at short distances and are less exposed to anthropogenic activities. As a result, mountains are centers of high endemism and global biodiversity.