Nutritional composition of frog (Rana esculanta) waste meal

Tokur B. , Guerbuez R. D. , ÖZYURT G.

BIORESOURCE TECHNOLOGY, cilt.99, ss.1332-1338, 2008 (SCI İndekslerine Giren Dergi) identifier identifier identifier

  • Cilt numarası: 99 Konu: 5
  • Basım Tarihi: 2008
  • Doi Numarası: 10.1016/j.biortech.2007.02.032
  • Sayfa Sayıları: ss.1332-1338


In the present study, the waste obtained from the frozen frog leg industry was used for the production of frog waste meal, and its proximate, amino acids, fatty acids, mineral and vitamin compositions were evaluated to determine the nutritional quality. In addition, the total bacterial count, Salmonella, total volatile basic nitrogen (TVB-N, mg N/100 g) and thiobarbituric acid (TBA, mg malonaldehyde/kg) were also measured to determine the microbiological and chemical quality of frog waste meal (FWM). The crude protein, fat and ash content of FWM on a dry weight basis were 68.6%, 17.0% and 13.2%, respectively. The amino acid profiles were found to be fairly close to those of fish meal in terms of protein sources and rich in the glutamic acid, glycine, proline, arginine, and methionine. The proportions of fatty acid composition in FWM were analysed and findings were 26.7% for total saturated fatty acid (SFA), 42.5% for total monounsaturated fatty acid (MUFA), 17.0% for total n - 6 and 3.3% for n - 3 ratio. The major SFA, MUFA and PUFA in FWM were palmitic acid (19.1%), oleic acid (26.0%) and linoleic acid (16.7%), respectively. FWM was found to be high in mineral content, especially Zn, K, Cu, Mn, and Mg and high level of some vitamins such as folic acids and thiamin. The total bacterial count was found to be 2.9 x 10(4) CFU/g, and Salmonella was not observed. TVB-N and TBA in FWM was determined to be 157.4 +/- 5.8 mg N/100 g and 1.2 +/- 0.1 mg malonaldehyde/kg, respectively. (C) 2007 Elsevier Ltd. All rights reserved.