KUTADGUBİLİG: FELSEFE BİLİM ARAŞTIRMALARI DERGİSİ, no.25, pp.165-193, 2014 (Refereed Journals of Other Institutions)
Fate, as a religious concept, is a reference to nondimensional relation between God who has knowledge, will, and power and human who has the same attributes. In other words, it is a religious/intellectual origin of how capable human beings are or how capable they see themselves are. Because the primary field of interest both in philosophy and religion is God and human, the human freedom did not stay only within the religious limits. In fact, this problem attracted both believers’ and thinkers’ attention. Fate, in the context of Islamic thought, has primarily been a problem in Islamic theology (Kal?m). With regards to Islamic philosophy, the problem owes to Avicenna, who committed to paper distinct treatises about “al-qadar”, its being a special interest in that field. But the problem has been able to find the relevancy and comprehensiveness it deserves in Ab? al-Barak?t al-Baghd?d?’s writings. In this article, we will examine the conception of predestination of this independent philosopher. Having examined the religious and philosophical literature for many years, Ab? al-Barak?t, ultimately reached a completely authentic understanding of fate whose grounds are located in religious and philosophical sources.
Key words: Ab? al-Barak?t al-Baghd?d?, Fate, Greek Philosophy, Isl?mic Philosophy,