Investigation of hydrogen production performance of a reactor assisted by a solar pond via photoelectrochemical process

KARAKILÇIK M. , Erden M., Çiloğulları M., Dincer I.

INTERNATIONAL JOURNAL OF HYDROGEN ENERGY, vol.43, no.23, pp.10549-10554, 2018 (Journal Indexed in SCI) identifier identifier

  • Publication Type: Article / Article
  • Volume: 43 Issue: 23
  • Publication Date: 2018
  • Doi Number: 10.1016/j.ijhydene.2018.01.031
  • Page Numbers: pp.10549-10554
  • Keywords: Solar energy, Solar pond, Energy and exergy efficiency, Photoelectrochemical process, Hydrogen production, PRODUCTION SYSTEM


In this study, the hydrogen production performance of a reactor assisted by a solar pond by photoelectrochemical method is examined conceptually. The main components of the new integrated system are a solar pond, a photovoltaic panel (PV) and a hybrid chlor-alkali reactor which consists of a semiconductor anot, photocathode and cation exchange membrane. The proposed system produces hydrogen via water splitting reaction and also yields the by products namely chlorine and sodium hydroxide while consumes saturated NaCl solution and pure water. In order to increase the efficiency of the reactor, the saturated hot NaCI solution at the heat storage zone (HSZ) of the solar pond is transferred to the anot section and the heated pure water by heat exchanger in the HSZ is transferred to cathode section. The photoelectrode releases electrons for hydrogen production with diminishing the power requirement from the PV panel that is used as a source of electrical energy for the electrolysis. The results confirm that the thermal performance of the solar pond plays a key role on the hydrogen production efficiency of the reactor. (C) 2018 Hydrogen Energy Publications LLC. Published by Elsevier Ltd. All rights reserved.