Metalp-Complex Formation and DNA Interaction of 5,10,15,20-Tetrakis(1-methyl-4-pyridiy1)-porphine: Study of the Mechanistic Aspects

Aydinoglu S., Biver T., Secco F., Venturini M.

INTERNATIONAL JOURNAL OF CHEMICAL KINETICS, vol.42, no.2, pp.79-89, 2010 (Journal Indexed in SCI) identifier identifier

  • Publication Type: Article / Article
  • Volume: 42 Issue: 2
  • Publication Date: 2010
  • Doi Number: 10.1002/kin.20465
  • Page Numbers: pp.79-89


The macrocyclic porphyrin 5,10,15,20-tetrakis(1-methyl-4-pyridiyl)-porphine is studied in its ability to coordinate Cu(II) even at very low pH values and to interact, as a copper complex, with calf-thymus (CT-DNA). The kinetics and equilibria for metal-ligand complexes formation are spectrophotometrically studied, particularly focussing on the mechanistic information provided by the kinetic approach. The rate constants of complex formation is much lower than that of water exchange at Cu(II), this behavior is ascribed to an equilibrium between two porphyrin populations, only one of them being reactive. Concerning the interaction of the copper-porphyrin complex (D) with CT-DNA, it has been found that the complex binds to G-C base pairs by intercalation while forms external complex with the A-T base pairs. The kinetic results agree with a reaction mechanism that takes into account the slow shuffling from an AT-bound form (DAT) to a GC-bound form (DGC) of the copper complex (D), finally leading to a more stable DGC* intercalated form. Kinetic and equilibrium parameters for the copper complex binding to the nucleic acid are obtained, and the binding mechanism is discussed. A mechanism is proposed where D reacts simultaneously with (G-C) and (A-T) base pairs. The resulting bound forms interconvert according to a "shuffling" process, which involves formation of an intermediate (DGC) form. (C) 2009 Wiley Periodicals, Inc. Int I Chem Kinet 42: 79-89, 2010