Performance investigation of salt gradient cylindrical solar pond integrated and nonintegrated with evacuated tube solar collectors


INTERNATIONAL JOURNAL OF ENERGY RESEARCH, vol.43, no.12, pp.6243-6255, 2019 (Peer-Reviewed Journal) identifier identifier

  • Publication Type: Article / Article
  • Volume: 43 Issue: 12
  • Publication Date: 2019
  • Doi Number: 10.1002/er.4304
  • Journal Indexes: Science Citation Index Expanded, Scopus
  • Page Numbers: pp.6243-6255
  • Keywords: energy, exergy, heat storage, solar collector, solar pond, HEAT EXTRACTION, ENERGY, EXERGY


In this study, the energetic and exergetic efficiencies of a salt gradient cylindrical solar pond (SGCSP) that integrated and nonintegrated evacuated tube solar collectors (ETSCs) are investigated to improve daily heat preservation performance of the heat storage zone (HSZ). The integrated system is consisted of an SGCSP and four ETSCs. The SGCSP has a surface area of 2 m(2), a depth of 1.65 m, salty water layers at different densities, and HSZ in which the cylindrical serpentine type heat exchanger (CSHE) is located. Thus, the daily effects of the heat storage performance of both the ETSCs and the SGCSP in the winter season was determined experimentally. The analysis of the data regarding the efficiencies of the system is investigated separately by means of experimental studies where the SGCSP is integrated and nonintegrated with the ETSCs. The number of ETSCs integrated with SGCSP is increased to 1, 2, 3, and 4, respectively, and each of the five different experimental systems is performed separately. The temperature distributions of the integrated system are measured by a data acquisition system on 11 different points per hour. The efficiencies are calculated using the data obtained from these studies. Consequently, the energetic and exergetic efficiencies of the SGCSP are obtained without collectors as 10.4% and 4.3% and with one collector as 12.83% and 6.15%, with two collectors 14.88% and 8.25%, with three collectors 16% and 9.35%, and finally with four collectors 16.94% and 10.3%, respectively. Furthermore, the theoretical efficiencies are found to be consistent with the experimental results obtained by increasing the collector numbers.