Influence of nitrogen rates and row spacing on corn yield, protein content, and other plant parameters

Ulger A., Ibrikci H. , Cakir B., Guzel N.

JOURNAL OF PLANT NUTRITION, cilt.20, ss.1697-1709, 1997 (SCI İndekslerine Giren Dergi) identifier identifier

  • Cilt numarası: 20 Konu: 12
  • Basım Tarihi: 1997
  • Doi Numarası: 10.1080/01904169709365368
  • Sayfa Sayıları: ss.1697-1709


New maize hybrids has been intensively used as the first and second crop at the Cukurova region of Turkey in recent years. Therefore, nutritional problems of corn needs to be solved for the optimum yield, and protection from the potential insect and disease damages. Influence of nitrogen (N) and row spacing (RS) on corn yield, grain protein content, and selected plant parameters have been studied under field conditions in 1994 and 1995. Nitrogen was applied in the rates of 200, 250, 300, and 350 kg N ha(-1) to main plots where row spacings were 10, 15, 20, and 25 cm in each subplots. Phosphorus (P) and potassium (K) were applied to each plot as basal rates. The experiment was arranged in a split-plot design in three replications. During course of the experiment and after harvest, selected plant parameters, leaf nutrient contents, root length, grain yield, and crude protein content were measured, and the data were statistically analyzed for determination of treatment effects. The selected plant parameters either influenced by N, RS, or both in 1994 and 1995. The leaf N content was affected by N and RS in 1995, and a RS effect was only observed in 1994. Grain yield was influenced by RS and N and RS in the first and second years, respectively. Grain yield ranged between 7.3 to 12.8 Mg ha(-1) for both years. Treat ment effects on crude protein content was significant in 1994 but no response was obtained in 1995.