Outcome of Primary Bone Fragment Replacement in Pediatric Patients with Depressed Skull Fracture


Oktay K. , Guzel E., Unal E., Yilmaz T., OKTEN A. I. , GUZEL A.

PEDIATRIC NEUROSURGERY, cilt.54, ss.28-35, 2019 (SCI İndekslerine Giren Dergi) identifier identifier identifier

  • Cilt numarası: 54 Konu: 1
  • Basım Tarihi: 2019
  • Doi Numarası: 10.1159/000495807
  • Dergi Adı: PEDIATRIC NEUROSURGERY
  • Sayfa Sayısı: ss.28-35

Özet

Objective: To evaluate pediatric patients who were operated with the diagnosis of depressed skull fracture. Methods: The records of pediatric patients who presented with traumatic head injury to multicenter neurosurgery clinics between 2002 and 2018 and who were operated with a diagnosis of depressed skull fracture were retrospectively reviewed. All of the patients underwent primary bone fragment replacement operation, and the patients' own bone flaps were used to repair depressed skull fractures in all of them. Results: A total of 78 patients were included in the study. Of the study group, 20 patients presented with mild head injury, 37 had moderate head injury, and 21 had severe head injury. Dural injury was present in 67 patients (86%) and the dura was intact in 11 patients (14%). After surgery, 63 patients (81%) had good outcome, 8 patients (10%) had moderate disability, and 5 patients (6.5%) had severe disability. Two patients with multiple accompanying cranial pathologies died and the mortality rate was 2.5%. Infection was detected in only 2 of the 78 patients who were treated within the first 72 h after trauma. One of them had meningitis and the other skin infection. Both patients were treated with appropriate antibiotherapy. None of the patients in the study group had an infection involving the bone, such as osteomyelitis, or the tissues under the bone, such as subdural-epidural empyema or abscess. None of the patients required reoperation and removal of the bone. Conclusion: In the present study, as the pathologies accompanying the depressed skull fractures of the patients increased, Glasgow Coma Scale scores at arrival and Glasgow Outcome Scale scores at discharge decreased. Regardless of whether the depressed fracture is simple or compound, primary bone fragment replacement with appropriate decontamination of the fractured bone and operation area via single-session intervention gives good results. It is important to perform the surgery as soon as possible to reduce the risk of contamination. Primary bone fragment replacement seems to be an appropriate treatment option for depressed skull fractures. (c) 2019 S. Karger AG, Basel