Giant cell tumours of the vertebral column are rare and cervical vertebrae involvement is even less common. As these lesions may be closely related to the vertebral artery, therapeutic decision-making may be complex. Reviewing the literature, we found that there was no consensus on treatment or outcome assessment for these rare and difficult lesions. We present a case of a giant cell tumour of the sixth cervical vertebrae involving the posterior elements, neural foramina and transverse foramina and closely related to the vertebral artery. Radiological evaluation and therapeutic solutions are also discussed. (C) 2004 Elsevier Ltd. All rights reserved.