Rhabdomyosarcoma (RMS) is a common childhood malignancy which can rarely be located in the breast. Here, we report two pediatric cases of breast RMS, one primary, the other secondary involvement. Primary one is alveolar, and the other embryonal subtype. Imaging findings with ultrasonography (US), computed tomography (CT) and magnetic resonance imaging (MRI) and a thorough review of literature are presented. (C) 2003 Elsevier Science Ireland Ltd. All rights reserved.