Metachronous Wilms Tumor, Glioblastoma, and T-cell Leukemia in an Child With Constitutional Mismatch Repair Deficiency syndrome due to Novel Mutation in MSH6 (c.2590G>T)


ÇITAK E. Ç. , Sagcan F., Gundugan B. D. , Bozdogan S. T. , Yilmaz E. B. , Avci E., ...Daha Fazla

JOURNAL OF PEDIATRIC HEMATOLOGY ONCOLOGY, cilt.43, sa.2, 2021 (SCI İndekslerine Giren Dergi) identifier identifier identifier

  • Cilt numarası: 43 Konu: 2
  • Basım Tarihi: 2021
  • Doi Numarası: 10.1097/mph.0000000000001687
  • Dergi Adı: JOURNAL OF PEDIATRIC HEMATOLOGY ONCOLOGY

Özet

Constitutional mismatch repair deficiency (CMMRD) is an autosomal recessively inherited childhood cancer predisposition syndrome results from biallelic germline mutations affecting the key DNA mismatch repair gene: MLH1, MSH2, MSH6, or PMS2. CMMRD is associated with a high risk of developing early onset of central nervous system tumors, hematologic, and intestinal tract tumors. Clinical manifestations, genetic screening, and cancer prevention strategies are limited. In this report we present a patient with metachronous Wilms tumor, glioblastoma, and acute T-cell lymphoblastic leukemia. He had cutaneous features of neurofibromatosis type 1 (NF1). Molecular testing revealed a novel homozygous mutation in MSH6 (c.2590G>T; p.G864*) that has not been reported previously. CMMRD should be considered in patients with cutaneous features similar to NF1 if tumor is found other than expected tumors in NF, early onset cancer, and strong family history of cancer.