MINIMIZING OF SIDE EFFECTS OF PESTICIDES ON AGRICULTURAL ENVIRONMENT


YARPUZ BOZDOĞAN N. , BOZDOĞAN A. M.

SCIENTIFIC PAPERS-SERIES A-AGRONOMY, cilt.59, ss.470-473, 2016 (ESCI İndekslerine Giren Dergi) identifier

  • Cilt numarası: 59
  • Basım Tarihi: 2016
  • Dergi Adı: SCIENTIFIC PAPERS-SERIES A-AGRONOMY
  • Sayfa Sayıları: ss.470-473

Özet

Pesticides have negative effects on environment if pesticides are applied in unsuitable conditions such as inappropriate equipment, under unsuitable meteorological conditions, overdose, etc, pesticides can be drifted non-target organisms, and then they are harmful for human health and environment. However, there is a major problem before and after pesticide applications: point source pesticide pollution (PSPP). This pollution occurs during filling before application and cleaning after application. For minimizing of pesticide contamination on agricultural environment, biobed is used in some countries especially Sweden, France, England, Guatemala, and Belgium. Biobed is a biological system for minimizing and degrading of pesticide contamination in agricultural environment. The origin of biobed is Sweden in 1990's. Biobed components are the clay layer, the biomix, and the grass layer. Number of biobeds increases year by year. In some countries, biobed is renamed as biofilter, biomassbed, phytobac, biobac, and biotable that are made some modifications from the original biobed design. In world, approximately 100 researches about biobed were published in several journals, conferences, workshops, etc. In Turkey, totally 6 projects were supported financially by University of Cukurova, and of which 1 by TUBITAK (The Scientific and Technological Research Council of Turkey). For awareness of farmers about biobed, the government agencies, farm associates', and other private sectors related to agriculture environment have to be arranged meetings, workshops, conferences.