This study examines the role of intergenerational family ties on the female labor market participation in Turkey. The data used in this study are obtained from the Household Labour Force Survey, conducted by Turkish Statistical Institute in the first period of 2003. Recursive bivariate probit model is estimated, which explains the decisions of both participation in the labour market and receiving help from elderly parents. The results show that correlation coefficient is statistically significant and two decisions are determined jointly. The elderly parents have dual role on female labour market participation as both help received and care-provided in Turkey. While the care provided for elderly parents decreases the female labour market participation, the care provided from elderly parents increases the probability of female labour market participation in Turkey.