Aerobic Biodegradation of 2,4,6-Trinitrotoluene (TNT) by Bacillus cereus A degrees solated from Contaminated Soil


Mercimek H. A. , DİNÇER S. , Guzeldag G., Ozsavli A., MATYAR F.

MICROBIAL ECOLOGY, cilt.66, ss.512-521, 2013 (SCI İndekslerine Giren Dergi) identifier identifier identifier

  • Cilt numarası: 66 Konu: 3
  • Basım Tarihi: 2013
  • Doi Numarası: 10.1007/s00248-013-0248-6
  • Dergi Adı: MICROBIAL ECOLOGY
  • Sayfa Sayısı: ss.512-521

Özet

In this study, biological degradation of 2,4,6-trinitrotoluene (TNT) which is very highly toxic environmentally and an explosive in nitroaromatic character was researched in minimal medium by Bacillus cereus isolated from North Atlantic Treaty Organization (NATO) TNT-contaminated soils. In contrast to most previous studies, the capability of this bacteria to transform in liquid medium containing TNT was investigated. During degradation, treatment of TNT was followed by high-performance liquid chromatography (HPLC) and achievement of degradation was calculated as percentage. At an initial concentration of 50 and 75 mg L-1, TNT was degraded respectively 68 % and 77 % in 96 h. It transformed into 2,4-dinitrotoluene and 4-aminodinitrotoluene derivates, which could be detected as intermediate metabolites by using thin-layer chromatography and gas chromatography-mass spectrometry analyses. Release of nitrite and nitrate ions were searched by spectrophotometric analyses. Depending upon Meisenheimer complex, while nitrite production was observed, nitrate was detected in none of the cultures. Results of our study propose which environmental pollutant can be removed by using microorganisms that are indigenous to the contaminated site.