J Pediatr Inf, vol.15, no.2, pp.88-96, 2021 (Journal Indexed in ESCI)
Objective: This research was conducted to determine the knowledge
and attitudes of parents about vaccine acceptance or rejection and to
evaluate their relationship with health literacy.
Material and Methods: This descriptive study was conducted with the
parents of 220 pediatric patients who were admitted to the pediatric
and pediatric infection outpatient clinic/service of Çukurova University
Balcalı Hospital. The data were collected by using Personal Information
Form and Health Literacy Scale.
Results: The mean age of the mothers was 30.20 ± 5.89, and the average
health literacy score was 106.80 ± 17.4. A statistically significant difference
was found between the variables of education status (p< 0.001), employment status (p= 0.005), social security status (p< 0.001), the number of
children (p< 0.001), their knowledge and attitudes about vaccination (p=
0.004), the status of paid vaccination for their children, the reason for not
having paid vaccinations (p= 0.004), and the total score averages of the
health literacy scale.
Conclusion: In this study, it was determined that the vast majority of
mothers accepted vaccines and the health literacy levels of the mothers
were sufficient. Besides, the health literacy levels of the mothers were
affected by education status, income status, employment status of the
mother, social security status, the number of children, the status of paid
vaccination for their children, the reason for not having paid vaccinations