Determining the Relationship of Parents‚ Knowledge and Attitudes and Health Literacy About the Admission or Refusal of Childhood Immunization


Yıldızeli F., Alabaz D. , Gözüyeşil E.

J Pediatr Inf, vol.15, no.2, pp.88-96, 2021 (Journal Indexed in ESCI)

  • Publication Type: Article / Article
  • Volume: 15 Issue: 2
  • Publication Date: 2021
  • Title of Journal : J Pediatr Inf
  • Page Numbers: pp.88-96

Abstract

Objective: This research was conducted to determine the knowledge and attitudes of parents about vaccine acceptance or rejection and to evaluate their relationship with health literacy. Material and Methods: This descriptive study was conducted with the parents of 220 pediatric patients who were admitted to the pediatric and pediatric infection outpatient clinic/service of Çukurova University Balcalı Hospital. The data were collected by using Personal Information Form and Health Literacy Scale. Results: The mean age of the mothers was 30.20 ± 5.89, and the average health literacy score was 106.80 ± 17.4. A statistically significant difference was found between the variables of education status (p< 0.001), employment status (p= 0.005), social security status (p< 0.001), the number of children (p< 0.001), their knowledge and attitudes about vaccination (p= 0.004), the status of paid vaccination for their children, the reason for not having paid vaccinations (p= 0.004), and the total score averages of the health literacy scale. Conclusion: In this study, it was determined that the vast majority of mothers accepted vaccines and the health literacy levels of the mothers were sufficient. Besides, the health literacy levels of the mothers were affected by education status, income status, employment status of the mother, social security status, the number of children, the status of paid vaccination for their children, the reason for not having paid vaccinations